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污水处理系统必备知识 上篇

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污水处理系统必备知识 上篇

发布日期:2018-08-01 作者: 点击:

贵州污水系统为您介绍污水处理系统必备知识

JIBENZHISHI

1FEISHUIDECHULIFANGFA

物理法:调节、格栅、沉淀、澄清、气浮、过滤、离心、磁分离、渗透和反渗透、超滤、曝气。 

HUAXUEFA:HUNNINGCHENDIAN、DIANJIE、XIAODU、ZHONGHE、HUAXUECHENDIAN、YANGHUAHAIYUAN。 WULIHUAXUEFA:LIZIJIAOHUAN、XIFU、CUIQU、CHUITUO、MOFENLI。 

生物法:好氧生物法(活性污泥法、生物膜法)、厌氧生物法(厌氧接触工艺、厌氧生物滤池、水解酸化)。 

ZUHEFA:JIANGWULI、HUAXUE、SHENGWUZUHEQILAISHIYONGDEFANGFA。

2FEISHUIDEYUCHULI

FEISHUIDEYUCHULISHIYIQUCHUSHUIZHONGDAKELIWURANWUZHIHEXUANFUZAIFEISHUIZHONGDEYOUZHILEIWUZHIWEIMUDEDECHULIFANGFA。 

河北快3CHANGJIANDEYUCHULIFANGFABAOKUOGEZHA、CHENSHACHI、GEYOUCHIJIDIAOJIECHIDENG。

CHUYOUFANGFA:JIAGEBAN、JIAXIEBAN。SHUIZHISHUILIANGDIAOJIEKESHEDIAOJIECHI。

3WUSHUIDECHULIJIBIE

河北快3YIJICHULI:ZHIJINGGUOJIANDANDEWULIFACHULIHOUDESHUI。 

WUSHUI→GEZHA →CHENSHACHI →CHENDIANCHI →PAISHUI

ERJICHULI:JINGYIJICHULIHOU,ZAIJINGGUOSHENGHUACHULIHOUDECHUSHUI。 

河北快3WUSHUI →GEZHA →CHENSHACHI →CHUCHENCHI →SHENGWULVCHI→ERCHENCHI→ PAISHUI 

三级处理:又称深度处理,二级处理后的出水再经过加药,过滤、消毒等其他技术,使出水达到更高的标准。

4PAISHUISHUIZHIDENGJI 

河北快3《DIMIANSHUIHUANJINGZHILIANGBIAOZHUN》GB3838—88   JIANGSHUIFENWEIWULEI,JIⅠLEI、ⅡLEI、ⅢLEI、ⅣLEI、ⅤLEI。 

ⅠLEIZHUYAOSHIYONGYUYUANTOUSHUI,GUOJIAZIRANBAOHUQU。 

河北快3ⅡLEIZHUYAOSHIYONGYUJIZHONGSHISHENGHUOYINYONGSHUISHUIYUANDIYIJIBAOHUQU,ZHENGUIYULEIBAOHUQU、YUXIACHANLUANCHANGDIDENG。

河北快3ⅢLEIZHUYAOSHIYONGYUJIZHONGSHISHENGHUOYINYONGSHUISHUIYUANDIERJIBAOHUQU,YIBANYULEIBAOHUQUJIYOUYONGQU。

ⅣLEIZHUYAOSHIYONGYUYIBANGONGYEYONGSHUIQUJIRENTIZHIJIEJIECHUDEYULEYONGSHUIQU。 

河北快3ⅤLEIZHUYAOSHIYONGYUNONGYEYONGSHUIQUJIYIBANJINGGUANYAOQIUQUYU。

5SHUICHULIHOUDECHULU

①HUIYONG    

②PAIFANG    

河北快3③LINGPAIFANG    

④GAIZUOTAYONG

6JIBENSHUYU、MINGCI

①SHUIZHIZHIBIAO

A.PHZHISHIRONGYEZHONGQINGLIZIHUODUDEFUDUISHU。BIAOZHENGSHUIDESUANJIANXINGDEQIANGRUO。JI:PH=-IgH+,YINYONGSHUIDEPHZHIYAOQIUZAI6.5—8.5ZHIJIAN,MOUXIEGONGYEYONGSHUIDEPHZHIYAOQIUZAI7.0—8.5ZHIJIAN,YIFANGZHIJINSHUSHEBEIHEGUANDAOBEIFUSHI。 

河北快3B.SS:XUANFUWU,SHIZHIKELIWUZHIJINGZAI0.45µmYIXIADEWUJIWU、YOUJIWU、SHENGWU、WEISHENGWUDENGDEWURANWU。

C.COD:HUAXUEXUYANGLIANG,SHIZHIZAIYIDINGDETIAOJIANXIA,YONGQIANGYANGHUAJICHULISHUIYANGSHISUOXUXIAOHAOYANGHUAJIDELIANG。CODFANYINGLESHUIZHONGSHOUHAIYUANXINGWUZHIDEWURANCHENGDU,YOUKEFANYINGSHUIZHONGYOUJIWUDELIANG。SHUIZHONGDEHAIYUANWUZHIYOUYOUJIWU、YAXIAOSUANYAN、LIUHUAWU、YATIEYANDENG。 

D.CODcr:ZAIQIANGSUANXINGRONGYEZHONG,YIZHONGGESUANJIAWEIYANGHUAJICEDEDEHUAXUEXUYANGLIANG。

E.CODmn:GAOMENGSUANYANZHISHU,SHIYIGAOMENGSUANJIARONGYEWEIYANGHUAJICEDEDEHUAXUEXUYANGLIANG。

河北快3F.TOC:ZONGYOUJITAN,SHIYITANDEHANLIANGBIAOSHISHUIZHONGYOUJIWUZHIZONGLIANGDEZONGHEZHIBIAO。 

G.TOD:ZONGXUYANGLIANG,SHIZHISHUIZHONGNENGBEIYANGHUADEWUZHI,ZHUYAOSHIYOUJIWUZHIZAIRANSHAOZHONGBIANCHENGWENDINGDEYANGHUAWUSHISUOXUDEYANGLIANG,JIEGUOYIO2DEmg/LBIAOSHI。 

H.BOD:SHENGHUAXUYANGLIANG,SHIZHIZAIYOURONGJIEYANGDETIAOJIANXIA,HAOYANGWEISHENGWUZAIFENJIESHUIZHONGYOUJIWUDESHENGWUHUAXUEYANGHUAGUOCHENGZHONGSUOXIAOHAODERONGJIEYANGLIANG。 

I.BOD5:WURISHENGHUAXUYANGLIANG,JIZAI20±1℃XIA,PEIYANGWUTIANQIANHOUSHUIZHONGRONGJIEYANGLIANGDEBIANHUAZHI。

J.NH3—N:ANDAN,SHIZHIYIYOULIAN(NH3)HELIZIAN(NH4+)XINGSHICUNZAIDEDAN。 

K.DO:RONGJIEYANG,ZHIRONGJIEYUSHUIZHONGDEFENZITAIDEYANG。 

L.HUIFAFEN:FEIDIANZAI230℃YIXIADEFENLEI。 

河北快3M.ZHUODU:SHIBIAOXIANSHUIZHONGXUANFUWUDUIGUANGXIANTOUGUOSHISUOFASHENGDEZUAICHENGDU。 

河北快3N.TOUMINGDU:SHIZHISHUIYANGDECHENGQINGCHENGDU。 

河北快3O.SEDU:CAIYONGXISHIFA,YUBEICEYANGPINJINXINGMUSHIBIJIAO,YICEDINGYANGPINDEYANSECHENGDU。 

② QIDEZHIBIAOJIDAQIZHONGDEJIGECHANGJIANGAINIAN 

IP:PIAOCHEN,YOUCHENGKEXIRUKELIWU,ZHILIJINGXIAOYU10µmDEKELIWU,KEZHANGQIPIAOFUZAIDAQIZHONG。 

TSP:ZONGXUANFUKELIWU,ZHIXUANFUYUKONGQIZHONGDELIJINGXIAOYU100µmDESUOYOUGUTIKELIWU。 

河北快3LIUSUANYANWU:ZHIKONGQIZHONGDEERYANGHUALIUHUOQITALIUHUAWUZAIGAOWENQIXIANGTIAOJIANXIA,JINGHUAXUEZUOYONGSUOCHANSHENGDEYANWU,YOUCHENGLUNDUNXINGHUAXUEYANWU。 

河北快3GUANGHUAXUEYANWU:ZHIKONGQIZHONGDEDANYANGHUAWUYUTANQINGHUAWUJINGGUANGHUAXUEZUOYONGERSHENGCHENGDEERCIWURANWU,YOUCHENGLUOSHANJIXINGHUAXUEYANWU。 

河北快3LIUSUANYANHUASULV:PAIFANGDAODAQIZHONGDEERYANGHUALIU、LIUHUAQING、LIUSUANZHENGQIDENGHANLIUWURANWU,JINGGUOYIXILIEDEYANGHUAYANBIANHEFANYING,ZUIZHONGXINGCHENGWEIHAIGENGDADELIUSUANWUHELIUSUANYANWUDEGUOCHENG。 

③ SHUILIANG 

河北快3SHUILIANGSHIYIQBIAOSHIDE,DANWEIm3/dHUOm3/h。ZAISHEJIPAISHUIGUANDAOHUOCHULISHESHISHI,YAOKAOLVDAOWUSHUILIULIANGDERIBIANHUAHESHIBIANHUA。BIANHUAXISHUJUEDINGLEDIAOJIENENGLIDALI。 RIBIANHUAXISHUKD=ZUIDARIWUSHUILIANG/PINGJUNRIWUSHUILIANG SHIBIANHUAXISHUKH=ZUIDARIZUIDASHIWUSHUILIANG/ZUIDARIPINGJUNSHIWUSHUILIANG ZONGBIANHUAXISHUKZ=KD×KH CHENGSHIWUSHUISHEJILIULIANGQSHE=KZ×QPINGJUN④ HUOXINGWUNIDEXINGNENGZHIBIAO 

A.WUNINONGDU(MLSS):1SHENGPUQICHIWUNIHUNHEYESUOHANGANWUNIDEZHONGLIANG。YImg/LHUOg/L。 

B.污泥沉降比(SV):指曝气池中混合液沉淀30分钟后,沉淀污泥体积占混合液总体积的百分数。 

C.污泥体积指数(SVI):指的是曝气池混合液经30分钟沉淀后1g干污泥所占的湿污泥体积。 

河北快3D.WUNILING:WUNILINGCHANGCHENGPINGJUNXIBAOTINGLIUSHIJIAN(MCRT)HUOCHENGWUNIZHILIUSHIJIAN(SRT)。WUNILING

DINGYIWEIMEIRIXINZENGDEWUNIPINGJUNZHILIUZAIPUQICHIZHONGDETIANSHU,YEJIUSHIPUQICHIQUANBUHUOXINGWUNIPINGJUNGENGXINYICISUOXUDESHIJIAN(DANWEI:D)。 

河北快3JISHUIJIERCIGONGSHUI、XIAODUXITONG、CHANPINKAIFA

1JISHUI

1) JISHUIFENLEI: 

河北快3YUANSHUI——WEIJINGCHULIDESHUI。 

RUANHUASHUI——JIANGSHUIZHONGYINGDUQUCHUHUOJIANGDI。 

TUOYANSHUI——JIANGSHUIZHONGDEYANLEI(QIANGDIANJIEZHI)QUCHUHUOJIANGDI。SHIDIANDAOLVZAI1.0—10.0µS/cm,DIANZULV0.1—1.0×106Ωcm,HANYANLIANG1—5mg/L. 

CHUNSHUI——QIANGRUODIANJIEZHI(SiO2、CO2)DIANDAOLV1.0—0.1µS/cm CHAOCHUNSHUI——DAODIANWUZHIQUANBUQUCHU〉DIANDAOLVZAI0.1—0.055µS/cm 

河北快32) SHUIDEYINGDU 

SHUIDEYINGDUANQICHENGFENZHONGYANGLIZIDEBUTONG,KEFENWEIGAIYINGDUHEMEIYINGDU; 

ANQICHENGFENZHONGYINLIZIDEBUTONG,KEFENWEITANSUANYANHEFEITANSUANYANYINGDU。TANSUANYANYINGDU(YOUCHENGZANSHIYINGDU)SHIGAI、MEIDEZHONGTANSUANYANYINGDUHETANSUANYANYINGDUDEZONGHE,ERFEITANSUANYANYINGDU(YOUCHENGWEIYONGJIUYINGDU)SHIGAI、MEIDEQIANGSUANYANYINGDUDEZONGHE。 

YINGSHUI:YIBANDANGSHUIDEYINGDUDAYU8DU(DEGUODU)SHI,ZECHENGWEIYINGSHUI。

YINGDUHEYANDUDEHUAFENBIAOZHUN:

3)JIANDU 

河北快3JIANDU:SHIZHISHUIZHONGSUOHANNENGYUQIANGSUANFASHENGZHONGHEZUOYONGDEWUZHIZONGLIANG,BAOKUOQIANGSUAN、RUOSUAN、QIANGJIANRUOSUANYANDENG。 

JIANDUHEYINGDUDEGUANXI: 

①JIANDU〉YINGDU            

河北快3YI[H+]WUZHIDENONGDUJI 

②JIANDU=YINGDU           

河北快3JIHCO3-=1/2(Ca2++Mg2+) 

③JIANDU<YINGDU             

YOUFEITANSUANYANYINGDU,CaSO4、MgSO4ERMEIYOUNa+、K+、TANYANSUANCUNZAI   

河北快34)SHUIDERUANHUA 

SHUIDERUANHUAJIUSHIQUCHUHUOJIANDISHUIDEYINGDU。SHUIDERUANHUAFANGFAZHUYAOYOULIANGZHONG: 

1))CHENDIANFA:JIDUIYINGSHUIJIAREJIAYAO,SHISHUIZHONGRONGJIEXINGGAIYAN、MEIYANDENGZHUANBIANWEINANRONGJIEDEHUAHEWU,CONGSHUIZHONGCHENDIANFENLICHULAI,SHISHUIDEDAORUANHUA。SUOYICIFAYOUFENJIARERUANHUAFAHEYAOJIRUANHUAFALIANGZHONG。 

2))离子交换法:利用阳离子交换剂中的阳离子(如Na+、H+  、NH+4)把水中的较硬离子(Ca2+、Mg2+)交换出来,从而使水得到软化。

2PAISHUI 

1)YUSHUI     2)WUSHUI     3)GONGYESHUI     4)SHENGHUOSHUI

河北快33ERCIGONGSHUI 

河北快3YICIGONGSHUI:CONGSHUIYUAN(HELIU、HUBO、SHENJING) → ZILAISHUICHANG       

河北快3ERCIGONGSHUI:ZILAISHUICHANG →  GEYONGHU

4XIAOFEIXITONG

XIAODUZHUYAOSHISHASIDUIRENTIJIANKANGYOUHAIDEBINGYUANWEISHENGWU。YINYONGSHUIXIAODUHEGEDEZHUYAOZHIBIAOWEI1LSHUIZHONGDEDACHANGGANJUNSHUSHAOYU3GE。CHANGYONGDEXIAODUFANGFAYOULVFA、CHOUYANGFA、ZIWAIXIANFADENG。

CHANGJIANMINGCI、SHUYUJISHENGWUMOFA

1CHUSHUISHUIZHIYOUZHIWENDING 

1)JINSHUI 

BIAOGAOFENWEIJUEDUIBIAOGAO(YIHUANGHAIBIAOGAOWEIZHUN)HEXIANGDUIBIAOGAO。WUSHUIZHANDEXIANGDUIBIAOGAOSHIZAIGUIHUAWUSHUICHULIZHANSHEJIPINGMIANTUSHANGXUANQUZUIGAOBIAOGAODIAN,ZAIJIASHANG0.3MIZUOWEIWUSHUIZHANDIPINGXIANGDUIBIAOGAODE。ZHEIYANGKEYIFANGZHIYUSHUIYANMEIWUSHUIZHAN。

2)CHUSHUI 

3)SHUILITINGLIUSHIJIAN(HRT)

4)DUANLU 

SHUILISHEJIBIMIANDUANLU,SISHUIQU,HAIYAOBAOZHENGYOUXIAODUHRT。BIMIANFANGFA:JIADANGBANHUOJUNYUNBUSHUI。 

河北快35)SISHUI,SISHUIQU,DAZULISISHUI。 

河北快36)YANCHUSHUI:YAOQIUCHUSHUIJUNYUN,BIMIANDUANLU。  

河北快37)BUSHUI:YAOQIUBUSHUIJUNYUN。 

8)回流:水回流,降低污染负荷和成本;泥回流,减少微生物的流失。 

2SHENGWUMO

YUCHULI → WULI → MOFENLI、LIZIJIAOHUAN → HUAXUE → HUOXINGWUNI → YANYANG →SHENGWUMO 

生物膜:微生物附着在滤料(介质)填料表面,形成生物膜。污水接触后,有机污染物被微生物降解转化成H2O、CO2、NH3和微生物细胞物质,使污水得以净化。特点:对水质、水量变化适应性强,耐冲击负荷。 

河北快3ZHUYAOYOU:(1)SHENGWULVCHI、

(2)SHENGWUZHUANPAN、

河北快3(3)SHENGWUJIECHUYANGHUACHI 

河北快3JINCHENPUQISHISHENGWULVCHITEDIAN: 

河北快3(4)SHENGWULIUHUACHUANG 

TEDIAN:1.RONGJIFUHEGAO,NAICHONGYA                   

河北快32.WEISHENGWUHUOXINGQIANG                    

3.CHUANZHIXIAOGUOHAO 

河北快34.SHIYONGGAONONGDUYOUJIFEISHUIYUCHULI,DICODSHUISHENDUCHULI。 

3CHULIFANGFA

河北快31)YUCHULI 

①SHAICHU(GEZHA、SHAIWANG)  ②CHENSHA   ③CHUYOU  ④SHUIZHISHUILIANGDIAOJIE 

河北快32)WULIFENLI 

①CHENDIAN(ZHONGLIQUCHU)  ②CHENGQING(JIANGXUNINGFANYINGHECHENGQINGGUOCHENGHEWEIYITI)  ③QIFU   ④GUOLV       ⑤LIXINFENLI    ⑥CIFENLI 

河北快33)MOFENLIYULIZIJIAOHUAN 

①DIANSHENXI   ②FANSHENTOU   ③CHAOLV   ④LIZIJIAOHUAN 

河北快34)HUAXUECHULIYUXIAODU 

①HUNNING    ②HUAXUECHENDIAN    ③ZHONGHEJIPHDIAOJIE    ④HUAXUEHAIYUANYUYANGHUA    ⑤DIANJIE   ⑥HUOXINGTANXIFU    ⑦XIAODU 

5)HUOXINGWUNIFA 

ANYUNXINGFANGSHIKEFENWEI:①TUILIUSHIHUOXINGWUNI   ②WANQUANHUNHESHI   ③FENDUANPUQIHUOXINGWUNI   ④XIFUZAISHENGHUOXINGWUNI   ⑤YANSHIPUQIHUOXINGWUNI   ⑥GAOFUHEHUOXINGWUNI   ⑦QIANCENG、SHENCENGPUQI  ⑧CHUNYANGPUQI    ⑨YANGHUAGOU    ⑩SBRGONGYI 

河北快36)SHENGWUMOFA 

河北快3  ①SHENGWULVCHI    ②SHENGWUZHUANPAN    ③SHENGWUJIECHUYANGHUACHI   ④SHENGWUJIECHUYANGHUAGONGYI 

7)YANYANGSHENGWUCHULI 

①PUTONGXIAOHUAJIECHU    ②YANYANGSHENGWULVCHIHEFUHEFANYINGCHUANG     ③UASBSHENGWENYANYANGFANYINGQI④YANYANGLIUHUACHUANG/PENGZHANGCHUANG     ⑤SHUIJIEFANYINGQI 

河北快38)ZIRANJINGHUACHULI 

河北快3①WENDINGTANG——HAOYANG、QUEYANG、YANYANG     ②TUDICHULI     ③DONGZHIWUJINGHUA 

贵州污水系统

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